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Canadian Wheat Board (CWB) Literature

Below is a list of literature for those interested in learning more about the discussion and debate surrounding the CWB. The intent is to have a link to the pdf document as well as a summary for each piece. We understand that this list is by no means complete. If there is a document that you feel needs to be added to this site, please email a suggestion to the KIS project.

Reports/Papers

Brooks, H. and T.G. Schmitz. 1999. Price Discrimination in International Grain Trade: The Case of Canadian Wheat Board Feed Barley Exports. Faculty Working Paper Series. Morrison School of Agribusiness and Resource Management, Arizona State University. 21 pp.
Canadian Wheat Board. November 6, 2006. CWB Response to Minister Strahl's Task Force on Implementing Marketing Choice. 4 pp.
Canadian Wheat Board. September 2006. A Producer Plebiscite: Key Elements. 22 pp.
Canadian Wheat Board. August 2006. Harvesting Opportunity: Strengthening farmers’ competitive advantage. CWB Board of Directors Proposal to the Government of Canada. 58 pp.
Carter, C.A. March 31, 1993. An Economic Analysis of a Single North American Barley Market. Submitted to the Associate Deputy Minister, Grains and Oilseeds Branch, Agriculture Canada. 60 pp.
Carter, C.A. and R.M.A. Loyns. March 1996. The Economics of Single Desk Selling of Western Canadian Grain. 114 pp.
Carter, C.A. and R.M.A. Loyns. October 1998. The Canadian Wheat Board: Its Role in North American State Trading. Paper prepared for The Role of State Trading of Agricultural Products in North America. Stanford University. 34 pp.

pdfReport

Dobson, C. February 2006. Canadian Wheat Board Government Guarantees. Alberta Agriculture, Food and Rural Development, Economics and Competitiveness Unit. 28 pp.
Dobson, C. and A. Deuring. October 2005. Ontario's Wheat Industry with Direct Marketing. Alberta Agriculture, Food and Rural Development, Economics and Competitiveness Unit. 27 pp.
Fengxia, D. and K. Stiegert. The Welfare Effects of State Trading Enterprises: the Case of US-Canada Malting Barley Trade. Selected paper prepared for Western Agricultural Economics Association Annual Meeting, Denver, CO, July 13-16, 2003. 16 pp.
Fulton, M. 2006. The Canadian Wheat Board in an Open Market: The Impact of Removing the Single-Desk Selling Powers. Saskatoon: Knowledge Impact in Society Project, University of Saskatchewan. 41 pp.
Fulton, M. December 1996. A Discussion Paper on Canadian Wheat Board Governance. Centre for the Study of Co-operatives, University of Saskatchewan. 17 pp.
Furtan, W.F. and M. Fulton. 2000. "An Alternative Approach to the Resolution of Canada-United States Disputes Over the Canadian Wheat Board." NDSU Conference on Agricultural Trade Under CUSTA, Fargo, North Dakota, October 27.
Good, M. and G. Gilchrist. April 2006. A Discussion on the Choice of a Business Structure Facilitating Marketing Choice. AAFRD. 20 pp.

pdf
Report
Appendix

Gray, R. 2001. Benchmarks to Measure CWB Performance - Recommendations. A Report Submitted to the Canadian Wheat Board. June 2001. 27 pp.
Johnson, D.D. March 1998. U.S. Perspectives on the Canadian Grain Problem: A Critical Appraisal. Agricultural Economics Miscellaneous Report No. 182. North Dakota State University. 17 pp.
Johnson, D.D. January 1999. Single-Desk Selling of Canadian Barley: Price Pooling, Price Discrimination, and Systemic Costs. Agricultural Economics Report No. 411. North Dakota State University. 40 pp.
JRG Consulting Group. February 2006. Canadian Wheat Board Transition Project. Prepared for Alberta Agriculture, Food and Rural Development. 35 pp.
JRG Consulting Group and SJT Solutions. March 2005. Deregulation of Wheat and Barley Marketing in Australia and Potential Application to Western Canada. Prepared for Alberta Agriculture, Food and Rural Development. 157 pp.
Koo, W.W., J.W. Mattson, H.J. Jin, R.D. Taylor, G. Cho. November 2004. Effects of the Canadian Wheat Board on the U.S. Wheat Industry. Agribusiness and Applied Economics Report No. 550. NDSU. 29 pp.
pdf
Download in Chapters
Kraft, D.F., W.H. Furtan, and E.W. Tyrchniewicz. January 1996. Performance Evaluation of the Canadian Wheat Board. Winnipeg: Canadian Wheat Board. 121 pp. TOC Exec Summary Ch 1-2 3 4 5 App5 6 App6 & References
Kuntz, G.M. 2001. Transgenic Wheat: Potential Price Impacts for Canada's Wheat Export Market. Master's Thesis. Agricultural Economics, University of Saskatchewan. 156 pp.
Martin, L., H. Mayer, J. Bouma. March 2002. Benefits and Costs of a Voluntary Wheat Board for the Province of Alberta. George Morris Centre. 63 pp.
Migie, H. et al. October 25, 2006. Marketing Choice – The Path Forward. Report of Technical Task Force on Implementing Marketing Choice for Wheat and Barley. 30 pp.

pdf
Report

Schmitz, A., T.G. Schmitz, and R. Gray. February 2005. The Canadian Wheat Board and Barley Marketing. 109 pp. Executive Summary
Schmitz, A., R. Gray, T. Schmitz, and G. Storey. January 1997. The CWB and Barley Marketing: Price Pooling and Single-Desk Selling. Winnipeg: Canadian Wheat Board. 69 pp. Exec Summary TOC Ch 1-2 3-4 5 6 Summary
Schmitz, A., R. Gray, A. Ulrich. April 1993. A Continental Barley Market: Where are the Gains? 107 pp.
Tyrchniewicz, E., R. Gray, D. Kraft, C. Dahl, B. Chorney. November 1998. A Study of the Canadian Wheat Board's Role in Grain Transportation. Prepared for Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada and Transport Canada. 254 pp.
Veeman, M., M.E. Fulton and B. Larue. 1999. International Trade in Agricultural and Food Products: The Role of State Trading Enterprises. Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada, April, 130 pp.
Western Canadian Wheat Growers Association. March 2006. Reforming the Canadian Wheat Board: The Path Forward. 28 pp.

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Journal Articles

Alston, J.M. and R. Gray. 2000. State Trading versus Export Subsidies: The Case of Canadian Wheat. Journal of Agricultural and Resource Economics, 25(1): 51-67.

  Alston, J.M., R. Gray, D.A. Sumner. 1994. The Wheat War of 1994. Canadian Journal of Agricultural Economics, 42: 231-251.
Berwald, D., C.A. Carter, and G.P. Gruere. 2006. Rejecting New Technology: The Case of Genetically Modified Wheat. Amer. J. of Agric. Econ. 88(2): 432-447.
Brooks, H.G. November 1993. "First, Let's Assume We Have a Can Opener: An Analysis of the Economics of a Single North American Barley Market." Cdn. J. of Agric. Econ. 41(3): 271-281.
Brooks, H.G. and T.G. Schmitz. Summer 1999. "Price Discrimination in the International Grain Trade: The Case of Canadian Wheat Board Feed Barley Exports". Agribusiness. 15(3): 313-322.
Buckingham, D.E. and R. Gray. June 1996. North American Wheat Wars and the End-Use Certificate - Compromising Free Trade? Journal of World Trade. Vol. 30, No. 3: 191-209.
  Carter, C.A., R.M.A. Loyns, and D. Berwald. May 1998. Domestic Costs of Statutory Marketing Authorities: The Case of the Canadian Wheat Board. Amer. J. of Agric. Econ. 80(2):313-324.
  Carter, C.A. and W.W. Wilson. May 1997. Emerging Differences in State Grain Trding: Australia and Canada. Agric. Econ. 16(2):87-98.
  Carter, C.A. November 1993. The Economics of a Single North American Barley Market. Cdn. J. of Agric. Econ. 41(3): 243-255.
  Clark, J.S. 1995. Single Desk Selling by the Canadian Wheat Board: Does It Have an Impact? Cdn. J. of Agric. Econ. 43(2):225-236.
  Clark, J.S. and C.S. Fleming. 1990. Estimating Price Distortions Caused by Canadian Wheat Board Initial Payment Policy Cdn. J. of Agric. Econ. 38(4):923-930.
  Curtiss, C. Autumn 2000. The Economic Analysis Related to the Canadian Wheat Board in the U.S. Countervailing Duty Investigation of Live Cattle from Canada. Agribusiness. 16(4): 487-489.
  Fulton, M., B. Larue, and M. Veeman. 1999. The Impact of Export State Trading Enterprises Under Imperfect Competition: The Small Country Case." Canadian Journal of Agricultural Economics. 47(4):363-373.
Furtan, W.H. 2005. Transformative Change in Agriculture: The Canadian Wheat Board. Estey Centre Journal of International Law and Trade Policy. 6(2):95-107.
  Furtan, W.H., D.F. Kraft, and E.W. Tyrchniewicz. 1999. Can the Canadian Wheat Board Extract Monopoly Rents? The Case of the Spring Wheat Market. International J. of the Economics of Business. 6(3):417-437.
  Gray, R., A. Ulrich, and A. Schmitz. 1993. A Continental Barley Market: Where Are The Gains? Cdn. J. of Agric. Econ. 41(3): 257-270.
  Goodloe, C. 2004. The Canadian Wheat Board: Government Guarantees and Hidden Subsidies? Estey Centre Journal of International Law and Trade Policy. 5(2):102-122.
Lavoie, N. 2005. Price Discrimination in the Context of Vertical Differentiation: An Application to Canadian Wheat Exports. Amer. J. Agr. Econ. 87(4):835-854.
Rude, J. and K. D. Meilke. 2006. Canadian Agriculture and the Doha Development Agenda: The Challenges. The Estey Centre Journal of International Law and Trade Policy. 7(1):32-48
  Schmitz, A., H. Furtan., H. Brooks and R. Gray. 1997. The Canadian Wheat Board: How Well Has it Performed?. Choices: The Magazine of Food, Farm and Resource Issues. 12(1):36-42.
  Schmitz, A. and R. Gray. Autumn 2000. The Canadian Wheat Board and Feed Barley. Agribusines. 16(4):491-501.
Schmitz, T. and R. Gray. 2000. State Trading Enterprises and Revenue Gains from Market Power: The Case of Barley Marketing and the Canadian Wheat Board. Journal of Agricultural and Resource Economics. 25(2):596-615.
Unterschultz, J. and F. Novak. 2001. Compatibility of Government Guarantees with Flexibility in Canadian Wheat Price Pooling. Canadian Journal of Agricultural Economics. 49(1): 355-369.

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Other References

Full Act Canadian Wheat Board Act C-24
Case Archibald v. Canada (L.T.D.), [1997] 3 F.C. 335; (April 11, 1997) T-2473-93
Website Canadian Wheat Board
Website CBC News InDepth Agriculture: Canadian Wheat Board
Website Choice Matters
Website End the Wheat Board Monopoly (National Citizens Coalition)
Website Farmers for Justice
Website National Farmer's Union
Website Real Voice for Choice
Website The Holm Team: The Canadian Wheat Board Under Attack...Why YOU Should Care...

Website

The Path Towards Marketing Choice for Western Wheat and Barley (AAFC)
Webcast Prairie Wheat: 13.5% Protein, 86.5% Politics: The Monopoly Which Keeps Crying Wolf
presentation by Dr. Al Loyns on Nov 10, 2006
Website Save My CWB
Website Western Canadian Wheat Growers

Last updated: February 13, 2008

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